Abscess

Definition: Abscess is a localized infection on any part of the body or organ, whereby there is inflammation, swelling, pus formation and painfulness; with or without other signs of infection.

Causes of abscess:
Abscess is essentially caused by infection, largely bacterial infection. It can also be caused by parasite infection. An abscess may be caused or triggered by a foreign body or physical trauma or injury.

Why does one get an abscess?
Any abscess is a sign of body’s reaction to infection or trauma. It is a sign of body’s defense mechanism at work whereby an army of white blood cells start fighting against the infection or foreign body and lead to pus formation. In this process, there will be inflammation, swelling, painfulness and even fever.

Who gets frequent abscesses?
A condition of frequent abscesses especially on the skin is a common phenomenon, suggesting underlying faulty immune system. In such cases, the underlying immunity calls for treatment besides addressing local infection as a stand alone problem.

Where does one get abscess?
Abscesses can occur on any part of the body or organ. Some of the common sites are:
Skin, mouth, liver, lungs, bones, appendix, mouth, spine, nose, sinus, tonsils, etc. It depends on the individual tendency to catch infection; which in turn is governed by the genetic predisposition.

Symptoms of abscess:
The most common symptoms are pain, swelling, redness, pus formation, discharge, and fever. Also, depending on the site of an abscess, some symptoms may vary. For example, in case of abscess of brain, there will be neurological symptoms; and likewise. If the infection is severe and uncontrolled, there is a possibility of its spread to other parts of the body. Severer infection may lead to a serious condition called septicemia.

Treatment of abscess:
Conventional treatment: Abscess due to bacterial infection respond to antibiotics. In case of un-ruptured pocket of pus, drainage may be required.

Role of homeopathy for abscess:
Acute abscess of recent origin can respond to homeopathic medicines; however, it may take little longer than antibiotics.

Homeopathy is best indicated in the cases of 1. Frequent abscesses 2. Prolonged (chronic) abscess 3. Resistant abscess.

In the above three categories, the formation of an abscess is surely a sign of altered underlying immunity, which can be treated effectively using homeopathy.

Homeopathy is strongly indicated for recurring and resistant cases of abscesses.

 







Before Treatment After Treatment
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Acne

Definition:
Acne or pimples is a common skin condition frequently seen in young individuals during teenage and youth years. This occurs mainly due to the action of hormones on the oil glands in the skin. The draining ducts of the oil glands get blocked and hence they are not able to drain the oil secretion. The oil and cells inside the blocked gland form a perfect environment for the growth of Propionibacterium acnes (the organism responsible for acne). Thus, it results in the formation of pimples or acne.

Acne usually occurs on the face, chest, back, shoulders and neck. It is one of the most common skin conditions. Although acne is not a serious threat to the health, yet it can lead to scarring and disfigurement of the face that can have a significant impact on the patient.

Acne may present itself in various forms and these are as follows:

  • Whiteheads and blackheads (Comedones): White or black tiny bumps on the skin which are nothing but the enlarged and plugged hair follicles
  • Papules: Inflamed lesions that usually appear as small, pink bumps on the skin and can be tender to the touch
  • Pustules (pimples): Pus-filled lesions that may be red at the base
  • Nodules: Large, painful, solid lesions that are lodged deep within the skin
  • lesions that can cause scarring
Following are the commonly recognized types of Acne:
  • Acne vulgaris
  • Acne rosacea
  • Acne conglobata
  • Acne cosmetica
  • Acne fulminans
  • Acne medicamentosa
  • Acne keloidalis nuchae
Causes of Acne:
One of the most important causes is the increase in the male hormones (androgens) that occurs in boys as well as girls during puberty. These hormones cause an increased production of sebum (oil) and hence result in acne.
Hormonal changes related to pregnancy or such changes caused by starting or stopping birth control pills can also cause acne. Another factor is heredity or genetics; there is evidence to support the fact that the tendency to develop acne can be inherited from parents. Apart from this certain drugs, including androgens and lithium, are also known to cause acne. Greasy cosmetics may cause further plugging of the follicles in the skin and hence can precipitate the onset of acne.
Majority of people who develop acne are between the ages of 12 and 25. For most people, acne tends to go away by the time they reach their thirties; however, some people in their forties and fifties continue to have this skin problem.

Homeopathic treatment for Acne is strongly suggested.
Allergy

Definition:
Allergy is nothing but an exaggerated response of the body to certain external or internal agents, whereby body reacts in the form of symptoms such as itching, running of the nose, wheeze, inflammation, swelling, skin rash, etc. All the symptoms as above are simply expressions of an allergic process.
One may be allergic to anything under the sun, inclusive of the sun, as they say.

Remarks:
All kind of allergic disorders find excellent treatment with homeopathy. For a long time allergic conditions have been considered incurable merely due to the ignorance about the amazing benefits of homeopathy. Respiratory allergy, asthma, skin allergy, pollen allergy, frequent colds, childhood asthma, etc. just to name a few, are treated with tremendous success with well planned homeopathic treatment.

Suggestion about homeopathic treatment:
  Homeopathic Treatment is very strongly recommended for all sorts of allergic disorders.

Related diseases: Frequent Colds, Asthma Childhood & adults, Urticaria.

Alopecia Areata > Introduction

Alopecia Areata (‘baldness in spots') is a form of hair loss, usually from the scalp, although it can affect other areas of the body. The hair loss mostly remains limited to the scalp but in certain cases it can extend to eyebrows, eyelashes, facial hair (beard, moustache), nasal hair and give rise to bald spots anywhere in the body. Alopecia Areata is a common condition which arises largely due to a mix of immunological and hormonal factors.

Alopecia Areata can affect both men and women and it is not uncommon to see children affected with this disorder. Approximately 2% of the general population worldwide suffers from Alopecia Areata. We come across many children with Alopecia Areata.

Understanding Alopecia Areata:

The hair is made up of a protein called keratin which is also the main constituent of nails. A specialized structure inside the skin called ‘Papilla' produces the hair as shown in the figure. The papilla is surrounded by a sac-like structure called the ‘Hair follicle' which also surrounds rest of the hair root within the skin. The part of the hair outside the skin surface is called as shaft.

skinAlopecia Areata is considered to be an auto-immune condition in which the immune system of the body (which protects the body from bacteria and viruses) mistakenly attacks the hair follicles and destroys them. This leads to hair loss in the affected area.

The commonest presentation of Alopecia Areata is appearance of bald patches on the scalp. In most cases, hair falls out in small, round patches about the size of a small coin. The patient may have single or multiple such patches. In some cases these patches may remain static, whereas in some cases the patches may spread to involve larger areas of the scalp. In some cases, hair loss is more extensive. Although it is not very common, the disease can progress to cause total loss of hair on the head (Alopecia Areata totalis) or complete loss of hair on the head, face, and rest of the body (Alopecia Areata universalis).

Types of Alopecia Areata:

type_of_alopecia_areata
  • Alopecia Areata monolocularis: In this condition there is a single bald spot on the scalp.
  • Alopecia Areata multilocularis: In this condition there are multiple bald spot on the scalp.
  • Alopecia Areata totalis: In this condition, the patient loses all the hair on the scalp.
  • Alopecia Areata universalis: In this condition, all body hair, including pubic hair, is lost.
  • Alopecia Areata barbae: In this condition, the disease is limited only to the beard region.
  • Traction alopecia: In this condition, alopecia develops along the frontal margins and temporal margins of the scalp due to constant tension on the hair from being tied very tightly.

It is important for all cases of Alopecia Areata to rule out two conditions, which often accompany: 1.Under active Thyroid (Hypothyroidism) 2. Diabetes Mellitus.

All three of them are auto-immune diseases and their treatment and prognosis is dependent on control of all of them at the same time, as observed in a large number of cases treated at Pranab Homoeo Clinic. at Jabalpur.

Alzheimer's disease (AD)

Mother Nature has blessed mankind amongst all the entities on the earth with an extraordinary quality of logical and rational thinking. The storehouse of immense knowledge, 'BRAIN' is the source of this exceptional attribute. Unfortunately, the entire system of an individual becomes handicapped as the same brain starts deteriorating. The major culprit who is involved in the deterioration of brain is Alzheimer's disease (AD). Alzheimer's disease is a devastating disease of brain that robs the afflicted individual of intelligence, memory and eventually life.

As many as 2-4 % of all people of 65 years of age and older have Alzheimer's. As many as 20 % (or more) of population over 85 years age have the AD. Alzheimer's disease (pronounced AHLZ-hi-merz) is one of several disorders that cause the gradual loss of brain cells. The disease was first described in 1906 by German physician Dr. Alois Alzheimer. However, Alzheimer's disease did exist long before the birth of Dr. Alzheimer. The research has shown that Alzheimer's disease is the leading cause of dementia; in fact 70% of dementias are due to Alzheimer's disease.

Dementia is an umbrella term for several symptoms related to a decline in thinking skills and progressive deterioration of brain performance. Common symptoms include a gradual loss of memory, problems with reasoning or judgment, disorientation, difficulty in learning, loss of language skills, etc. People with dementia also experience changes in their personalities and behavioral problems. The cumulative effect of all these changes becomes distressing both to the individual and their families. It should be stressed that Alzheimer's disease knows no social, economic, ethnic or geographical boundaries; eventually those affected are unable to care for themselves and need help with all aspects of daily life. The magnitude of this disease is huge, there are estimated to be 17-25 million people worldwide with Alzheimer's disease.

What happens to brain in Alzheimer' disease?
Alzheimer's disease is characterized by progressive death of brain cells. This results from two abnormal structures in the brain: Amyloid plaques (pronounced AM i loyd, which are clumps of protein fragments that accumulate outside of cells and Neurofibrillary tangles (pronounced NUR o FI bri lair ee), which are clumps of altered proteins inside cells.

Why these changes develop in the brain?
Research about these structures has provided clues about why nerve cells die, but scientists have not determined exactly why these changes develop. In short, no one yet knows exactly what causes Alzheimer's disease. Most researchers agree that the cause may be a complex set of factors. Though Alzheimer's disease affects individuals in 40s and 50s, studies have shown that the greatest known risk for developing Alzheimer's is increasing age. As many as 2-4 % of all people of 65 years of age and older have Alzheimer's. As many as 20 % (or more) of population over 85 years age have the AD. A family history of the disease is another known risk. Having a parent or sibling with the disease increases an individual's chances of developing Alzheimer's. Many mysterious diseases have provided interesting clues through genetic studies. Scientists have identified certain genes, which are very strongly related to Alzheimer's.

Other factors:
Many diverse medical theories, including the biochemistry of acetylcholine and neurotransmitters, inflammation, oxidative stress and free radicals, and homocysteine, nutritional and vitamin deficiencies, as probable causes of Alzheimer's disease has been put forth. A wide array of risk factors for Alzheimer's include, disorders of blood circulation, hormonal imbalance, head trauma, emotional stress, alcohol abuse, metabolic defects, nutritional deficiencies, and even some infections.

How Alzheimer's presents:
Declining memory is the most common early symptom of Alzheimer's. Some change in memory is normal as we grow older, but the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease are more than simple lapses in memory. People with Alzheimer's experience difficulties communicating, learning, thinking, and reasoning - problems severe enough to have an impact on an individual's work, social activities, and family life.

While it's normal to forget appointments, names, or telephone numbers, once in a while, those with Alzheimer's will forget such things more often and not remember them later. In addition, People with ordinary forgetfulness can still remember other facts associated with the thing they have forgotten. For example they may briefly forget their next-door neighbor's name but they still know the person they are talking to is their next-door neighbor. A person with dementia will not only forget their neighbor's name but also the context.

Individuals with AD begin to misplace everyday items, such as the car keys or eyeglasses, and become disoriented and get lost in familiar surroundings (such as when driving on well-known streets). With Alzheimer individual find difficult to perform even familiar tasks and may forget the steps for preparing a meal, using a household appliance, or in what order to put clothes on.

A person with Alzheimer's disease often forgets simple words or substitutes unusual words, making his or her speech or writing hard to understand. Individuals with Alzheimer's often show poor judgment about money, and mathematics.

People's personalities ordinarily change somewhat with age. But a person with Alzheimer's disease can change a lot, becoming extremely confused, suspicious, fearful, or dependent on a family member. An Alzheimer's may become unusually emotional and experience rapid mood swings for no apparent reason. Alternatively a person with Alzheimer's may show less emotion than was usual previously. In addition, they may experience delusions (believing in a reality that does not exist), and hallucinations (seeing things that do not exist).

In the terminal phase, Alzheimer patient enters in a world where he can recognize nothing… neither family members and friends, nor himself.

How the disease progresses: Alzheimer's disease advances at widely different rates. The duration of the illness may often vary from 3 to 20 years. Eventually, the person with Alzheimer's will need complete care. If the individual has no other serious illness, the loss of brain function itself may cause death.

How the condition is diagnosed:
Early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease is an important step in getting appropriate treatment, care, and support services. There is no one diagnostic test that can detect if a person has Alzheimer's disease, but the process involves several kinds of tests and may take more than one day to complete the evaluation. Evaluations may include the following steps:
§ A medical history, which collects information about current mental or physical conditions, prescription and nonprescription drug use, and family health history
§ A mental status evaluation to assess sense of time and place; ability to remember, understand, and communicate; and ability to do simple math problems
§ A physical examination, which includes the evaluation of the person's nutritional status, blood pressure, sensations, balance, and other functions of nervous system
§ Investigations like a brain scan like CT and MRI to detect other causes of dementia such as stroke and laboratory tests, such as blood and urine tests, for checking various components of blood, hormones, enzymes, infections, etc.

Treatment:

Alzheimer's disease is difficult disoder. Homeopathy system offers reasonably positive treatment if not cure.

When we discuss the role of medicine for certain diseases, we probably do not talk of the 'cure' in real sense, but more of 'control' and 'relief'. AD is one such condition, where homeopathy has following role to play:

§ To control the disease process whereby further deterioration of the brain damage is helped to certain extent
§ To improve to an extent some of the symptoms: communication, failing memory, anxiety, restlessness, etc.
Many of the problems associated with dementia such as restlessness, depression, and agitation can be treated effectively and gently with homeopathy. It may also be possible, especially in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease, to improve someone's memory with homeopathic medication. Timely administered homeopathy medicines can prevent further progress of disease.

Homeopathy  is over 207 years old medicine originated in Germany. Homeopathy is the revolutionary, natural medical science and a system of medicine, which is gentle, effective, and devoid of any side effects.

The Homeopathic remedies are prepared from natural substances to precise standards and work by stimulating the body's own healing power.

Homeopathy is one such branch of therapeutics, which believes in treating the patient who is diseased and not merely diseased parts of the patients. This holistic approach goes in a long way in the management of various chronic and deep-seated diseases, including Alzheimer's.

It goes without saying that every person is unique and dementia affects people differently - no two people will follow exactly the same course. Hence, an approach to dementia care, which recognizes the personal history, character and individuality of the person with Alzheimer's, has been shown to have a positive impact on the progress of the disease.

Homeopathy undertakes study of each Alzheimer's as separate entity and does in-depth evaluation of the disease as well as patient as person. It means, the physician has to understand the patient and his/her problems more deeply, with regards to its symptoms, its diagnosis as well as its probable genetic background. The study also involves deep evaluation of the mind and emotions. After appreciating the patients in his totality, a suitable medicine called as 'constitutional medicine' is selected for the patient. The medication based on such foundation brings deeper level healing process for the sufferers of chronic diseases.
 

We, at Pranab Homoeo, have some experience in treating AD; and the experience has suggested that some definite improvement takes place with regards to memory.

It should be noted that there is no single specific remedy for all the cases of Alzheimer's. The exact treatment is determined only on in-depth evaluation of individual case.